What Do Pigs Eat

what do pigs eat

What Do Pigs Eat


What do pigs eat?  They are flexible in terms of eating. They can eat anything they see around them from carrion, to grass, and wood. Pigs that are raised on farms are fed up with grains like wheat, corn, oats, and other foods types like fish, and any other kinds of food that contain the necessary nutrients for their optimum growth.

If you opt to raise pigs for profit, you cannot just let them eat anything.  You want to grow your pigs so you can sell them and so they can eventually be sold in the meat market.  This means that you have to ensure that they grow and develop properly to yield high quality meat.  This is achieved by feeding them with the right kinds of food.

Simply answering the question “what do pigs eat?” will not help you raise quality pigs.  You have to go deeper than that and learn more about pig nutrition.  Here are 5 things to know about your pigs’ diet that goes beyond knowing what do pigs eat:

  1. Commercial pig feeds are commonly used by bigger pig farmers.  This type of pig food is very expensive.  In fact, for some pig farms, this takes up about 80% of the operating budget.  These commercial pig feeds are already in the right formulation and mixture of nutrients that your pigs need.  They are also labeled specifically for the growth stage your pigs are in:  starter rations or creep feeds for 5-15 week old pigs; grower rations for older pigs; and finisher rations for pigs nearing slaughter weight.  The cost of these feeds would vary from one manufacturer to another.
  2. You can make your own pig feed.  Those with bigger spaces have a field where they grow feed grain crops that their pigs can eat.  There are also some who let their pigs graze in their own pasture.  Other pig farmers supplement with fruit and vegetable peelings and trimmings from their kitchen.  It is, however important to ensure that the pigs get the nutrition that they need.  Remember that you want them to grow and develop high quality meat.  You do not want your pigs to put on too much fat.  Feed your pigs with a diet consisting of about 15% protein and about 85% carbohydrates.
  3. Feeding your pigs more does not mean that you will get more out of them.  Overfeeding pigs could lead to fat accumulation.  The recommended frequency of feeding is twice a day.  Commercial feeds will have the recommended feeding quantity printed on their packaging.  You can also ask for feeding advice from local pig farmers.  Feeding pigs with vegetables and fruits after feeding with commercial feeds is a common practice.

Pig farming is not an inexpensive undertaking.  Aside from your initial investment in your pigs and pig pen construction, you have recurring operational costs to consider such as expenses for feeds, water, and electricity among others.  You want to make sure that you do everything you can to recover your investment and gain some modest profits too.

What do pigs eat is a question that you cannot simply brush aside.  The answer to this question, and all the other factors related to your pigs’ diet, has an impact on your profitability.  The more expensive your daily feed expenses are, the less you are going to gain when you take your pigs to the marketplace.  A more adverse scenario is painted when you choose to feed your pigs with cheap foods.  Your pigs might get sick and you might not be able to sell them at all.  You do not want to even think about the possibility of going bankrupt.  Find out what you have to feed your pigs so that they can eventually feed your bank account too.

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