How To Start A Pig Farm – 6 Aspects To Remember For Successful Venture
Breakfast wouldn’t be complete without bacon. You know what they say, “everything tastes better with bacon”. Seriously, though, pork meat and products have become stables on our dining tables. The demand for pork is so huge that more and more people are starting their own pig farms in hopes of generating some income for them and their families. If this interests you as well, you might want to know how to start a pig farm and make money from it.
1. A pig farm isn’t a pig farm without pigs, if you want to hear the obvious. Look around you, ask your local government or search the internet for places or individuals that sell piglets. You will want to buy healthy ones ranging from four to eight weeks old. Look for those weighing 20 to 50 pounds. Pigs less than that should be avoided.
2. Any rulebook on how to start a pig farm will mention the need for a pig pen that is sturdy, spacious and has proper ventilation. Sturdy because pigs tend to become too rough, especially when you are handling them so a weak structure might get damaged easily. Pigs need enough space to move; but not too much so their muscle tissues won’t develop too much and make their meat tough. A good enclosure has around 10 by 10 feet of moving space and around 5 by 5 feet for their eating space.
You also need to put up separate and sturdy troughs for food and water. If possible, use galvanized iron or any material that is easy to clean for your troughs. Allow proper ventilation for air to flow freely. This will help the animals cool down as pigs are not known to sweat, which is the body’s way of cooling down. Remember, though, that this will let the foul smell of the pen go out as well, so you better set up your farm in an isolated area.
3. The third most important factor on how to start a pig farm is to have a good source of nutrition. You must have a steady source of food for your pigs. This is quite easy because pigs tend to eat anything that is edible. Boil scrap food before you feed them to avoid the risk of bacteria and diseases. Make sure to mix their feed with something full of nutrients like vitamins and minerals. You can go the natural way and give them lots of fruits and vegetables. Some prefer commercial supplements.
4. Water is also essential in keeping your porkers healthy. This is another vital rule on how to start a pig farm. Pigs need water to stay hydrated, especially since they do not sweat. They also tend to wash themselves or stay in the water so you have to check the supply regularly, and replace with clean water if necessary.
5. Pig manure is one of the problems if you’re keeping pigs for meat or breeding. Aside from the annoying smell, you need to manually clean their pens to get rid of the manure. More often than not, their drinking water will have some waste in them too. However, this can be a welcome annoyance. Find someone who is willing to buy pig manure from you. This is valuable in crop farming as they are excellent fertilizers. You can earn a little extra from something a bit disgusting.
6. Another important thing to know on how to start pig farming to generate money is determine the possible market. For huge pig farms, there won’t be much of a problem. Usually, large companies will be the one to approach you to see if your pigs are of high quality so they can start purchasing from you. You should be wary of the competition, though. With the high demand for quality pork, more and more people are entering the industry. You will still need to advertise and approach the companies if necessary. For small-time pig farmers, your market will circle around your neighbourhood or community. In any case, you must be aware of the standard selling price of pork cuts or whole pigs to avoid unscrupulous people.
The biggest secrets on how to start a pig farm is to have the determination to succeed and to have ample knowledge on the subject. Read up on numerous tips on raising pigs and soon, you’ll be reaping the rewards.